C: General safety

C01: Site organisation

1.3.7 For further information visit the Building Products Delivery Working Group website for their leaflet Delivering Safely.

C02: Fire prevention and control

2.1 The Fire Protection Association’s Fire prevention on construction sites (Joint Code of Practice, 9th edition), applies to construction projects with a contract value of £2.5 m or above, or smaller value contracts where they are part of a larger contract.

2.5 TThe Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has also produced guidance Fire safety in construction, which is available from their website (HSG168).

2.8 A guide to choosing a competent fire risk assessor has been published by the Fire Risk Assessment Competency Council. For this and further documents to help you ensure you are competent to undertake risk assessments, visit the:
+ Fire Industry Association
+ Institution of Fire Engineers.

2.10.5 For further information refer to the HSE publications.
+ Maintaining portable electrical equipment.
+ Maintaining portable electrical equipment in low risk environments.

2.11.1 The Structural Timber Association has published several guides (freely downloadable from its website) related to fire safety in timber-frame construction, as part of their safe site strategy.
+ Risk assessment checklist.
+ Separating distance guidance.
+ Site safe registration/compliant.
+ Guidance notes on wireless fire alarms.
+ 16 steps to fire safety.

2.11.1 For examples of major timber-frames and investigation into the risks and causes refer to the timber-frame fires website.

2.13.1.1 For further information on the selection and use of fire extinguishers refer to Fire safety in construction (HSG168). 

2.14 The Confederation of Fire Protection Association Europe provides guidance on the fire protection of temporary buildings on construction sites, covering fire risks, fire protection requirements for escape and protection against the spread of fire.

2.14 For further information on Fire safety in construction (HSG168) visit the HSE website. 

2.14 For further information on the recommended frequencies for the inspection and testing of most electrical installations in temporary buildings refer to the Institute of Engineering and Technology.

2.14.4 For information on fire safety routes and distances refer to the FPA Joint Code of Practice Fire prevention on construction sites.

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C03: Electrical safety

3.5.4 For further information refer to the HSE publication Maintaining portable electrical equipment (HSG107). 

3.6 For further detail refer to the HSE publications:
+ Electrical safety and you: a brief guide (INDG231)
+ Electricity at work: safe working practices (HSG85)

3.6.3.1 For further information refer to the Electrical Safety Council guide Guidance on the management of electrical safety and safe isolation procedures for low-voltage installations (Best practice guide 2).

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C04: Temporary works

4.11 For further information visit the Temporary Works forum website.

4.12 For further information on the Preventing catastrophic events in construction report visit the HSE website.

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C05: Work equipment and hand-held tools

5.4 For further information refer to the HSE publication Safe use of work equipment (L22).

5.4.9.2 For further guidance refer to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) leaflet Safe use of ladders and stepladders (INDG455) and the Ladder Association website.
HSE leaflet
Ladder Association

5.5.2 For further guidance refer to the HSE publication Safety in the use of abrasive wheels (HSG17). 

5.5.8 Details of suitable training courses and training providers can be found on the British Abrasive Federation’s website.

5.5.13 For detailed information on abrasive wheels refer to the HSE publication Safety in the use of abrasive wheels (HSG17). 

5.6.1.4 For further information refer to the Cartridge-operated hand-held tools. Safety requirements. Fixing and hard marking tools (BS EN 15895).

5.7.4      For further information on the retrofitting of brakes refer to the HSE woodworking information sheet Retrofitting woodworking machine brakes (WIS38).

5.7.7 For specific guidance on the use of chainsaws refer to the HSE leaflet Chainsaws at work (INDG317).

5.7.8 For guidance on the safe use of other specific types of woodworking equipment refer to the HSE woodworking information sheets, which can all be downloaded, without charge, from its website.
+ Circular saw benches - Safe working practices (WIS16).
+ Safe use of hand-fed planing machines (WIS17).
+ Safe use of vertical spindle moulding machines (WIS18).
+ Safety in the use of narrow band saws (WIS31).
+ Safe use of power-operated cross-cut saws (WIS35).
+ Safe use of manually operated cross-cut sawing machines (WIS36).
+ Safe use of woodworking machinery (L114).

5.8.2 For further guidance on the use, maintenance and examination of compressors and compressed air systems refer to the HSE publications
+ Safety of pressure systems – Approved Code of Practice (L122) 
+ Compressed air safety (HSG39). 

5.9.1 For detailed guidance on the safe use of concrete pumps refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association Code of Practice for the safe use of concrete pumps (BCPG0401).

5.11.4 For further information about drones and UAVs visit:
the Civil Aviation Authority website
and the Air Accidents Investigation Branch website.

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C06: Mobile work equipment

6.5.1 For detailed guidance on the measures to be taken in planning for the use of mobile plant refer to the HSE guidance
+ The safe use of vehicles on construction sites (HSG144) 
+ Protecting the public: your next move (HSG151)

6.5.3.2 For detailed guidance on the safe use of concrete pumps refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Code of Practice for the safe use of concrete pumps.

6.5.10    For detailed guidance on the safe use of forward-tipping dump trucks refer to the HSE publication Construction site transport safety: safe use of site dumpers (CIS52) and the Construction Plant-hire Association's Staying safe when operating forward tipping dumpers.

6.5.10 The HSE has produced an ACoP on Rider-operated lift trucks (L117), which outlines the main legal requirements of use (840KB, PDF)

6.5.11 For detailed guidance on quick hitches refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction's Safe use of quick hitches on excavators (Best practice guide).

6.7 Details of the Construction Plant Competence Scheme (CPCS) can be found online.

6.7 For detailed guidance on plant operator competence refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's Competence to operate construction plant (Good practice guide).

6.7.1 For detailed guidance on medical fitness refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's Medical fitness to operate construction plant (Good practice guide).

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C07: Lifting operations

7.3.1 For further guidance on PUWER refer to the HSE’s ACoP and guidance Safe use of work equipment (L22). 

7.3.2 For further guidance on LOLER refer to the HSE’s ACoP and guidance Safe use of lifting equipment (L113). 

7.4.11 For further guidance on planning of lifting and installation refer to:
+ Code of Practice for safe use of cranes - Part 1 General and Part 3 Mobile cranes (BS 7121)
+ HSE leaflet Risk assessment. A brief guide to controlling risks in the workplace (INDG163)
+ CIRIA publication Crane stability on site (C703).

7.4.12.2 For further detailed guidance on crane hire and contract lifts refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association’s Crane hire and contract lifting (Best practice guide).

7.5 For further detailed guidance on the siting of lifting equipment refer to:
Code of Practice for safe use of cranes - Parts 1, 3, 4 and 5 (BS 7121)
Code of Practice for the safe use of construction hoists (BS 7212)
Code of Practice for the installation, maintenance, thorough examination and safe use of mast climbing work platforms (MCWPs)(BS 7981)
Code of Practice for the safe use of MEWPs (BS 8460)
CIRIA publication Crane stability on site (C703).

7.5.2 For further guidance on assessment of ground conditions and lifting equipment foundations refer to the CIRIA publications
Crane stability on site (C703)
Tower crane stability (C654).

7.5.4 Further guidance on the use of lifting equipment in the vicinity of airfields or railways is given in the following publications. 
Operating tower cranes in the vicinity of aerodromes, notification and en-route obstacle lighting (TIN039). Construction Plant-hire Association.
Guidance to crane operators on aviation lighting and notification. Civil Aviation Authority.
A voluntary Code of Practice for the safe use of cranes in and around airports. Off-highway Plant and Equipment Research Centre - This guidance is temporarily unavailable
Requirements for tower cranes alongside railways controlled by Network Rail.Construction Plant-hire Association.

7.5.6 For specific guidance on the effect of loads with large wind sail areas on limiting wind speeds, refer to the Liebherr publication Influence of wind on crane operations which can be downloaded from its website free of charge. 

7.6 If a personnel carrying platform suspended from a crane is being used, BS 7121 Part 1 gives detailed advice.

7.7.2 For further information refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association Radio communication for lifting operations (TIN017).

7.9 For further guidance on training and competence refer to BS 7121 Parts 1, 3, 4 and 5.

7.9.1 For detailed guidance on medical fitness refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's Medical fitness to operate construction plant (Good practice guide).

Appendix C For further information refer to the HSE publication Safety signs and signals. The Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulation. Guidance on regulations (L64).

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C08: Lifting equipment

8.3.1 For further guidance on PUWER refer to the HSE’s ACoP and guidance Safe use of work equipment (L22).

8.3.2 For further guidance on LOLER refer to the HSE’s ACoP and guidance Safe use of lifting equipment (L113). 

8.4.1 For further guidance on PUWER refer to the Health and Safety Executive's (HSE's) ACoP and guidance Safe use of work equipment (L22).

8.4.2 For further detailed guidance on the maintenance, inspection and thorough examination of mobile cranes refer to the following.
+ Construction Plant-hire Association’s Maintenance, inspection and thorough examination of mobile cranes (Best practice guide).
+ Code of Practice for the safe use of cranes - Inspection, maintenance and thorough examination - Mobile cranes.

8.5.1 For detailed guidance on the design and installation of tower crane bases and ties refer to the Construction Industry Research and Information Association's Tower crane stability (C654).

8.5.1 For further detailed guidance on the erection, climbing and dismantling of tower cranes refer to the 
+ Code of Practice for safe use of cranes – Tower cranes (BS 7121‑5) and the
+ Construction Plant-hire Association’s Climbing of tower cranes (Best practice guide).

8.5.2 For further detailed guidance refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Rescue of personnel from height on tower cranes (TIN013).

8.5.2 For further detailed guidance on the safe use of tower cranes refer to:
+ Code of Practice for safe use of cranes - Tower cranes (BS 7121-5)

Construction Plant-hire Association's (Best practice guide):
+ Safe use of top slew tower cranes
+ Safe use of self-erecting tower cranes
+ Tower crane working conditions
+ Tower crane operations - Minimum competency requirements

8.5.3 For further detailed guidance refer to the
+ Construction Plant-hire Association’s Maintenance, inspection and thorough examination of tower cranes (Best practice guide) and the
+ Code of Practice for the safe use of cranes - Inspection, maintenance and thorough examination - Tower cranes (BS 7121-2-5).

8.5.4 Further information on the Safe crane campaign can be found on the Construction Plant-hire Association website.

8.6 For further information refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Work at height whilst loading and unloading transport (Best practice guide).

8.6.3 For detailed guidance on the safe use of lorry loaders refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's The management of lifting operations with lorry loaders (Best practice guide).

8.7.2.1 For comprehensive guidance on avoiding entrapment refer to the:
+ Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's MEWPs - Avoiding trapping/crushing injuries to people in the platform (Best practice guide)
+ HSE guide Avoiding trapping/crushing injuries to people in the platform of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs).

8.7.2.2 This decal is available to download free from the IPAF website.

8.7.4.2 For advice on the inspection of harnesses and lanyards refer to the HSE information sheet Inspecting fall-arrest equipment made from webbing or rope (INDG367).

8.7.7 For further detailed guidance on the planning and safe use of MEWPs refer to the:
+ Code of Practice for the safe use of MEWPs (BS 8460)
+ HSE information sheet Selection, management and use of mobile elevating work platforms (GEIS6)
+ HSE's online construction safety topics - Mobile elevated work platforms (MEWPs) health and safety information.

8.8.1.3 For detailed guidance on transport platforms refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Transport platforms - Installation, use, maintenance, inspection, examination and testing (Best practice guide).

8.8.2.1 For further information refer to the Code of Practice for the safe use of construction hoists (BS 7212).

8.8.2.4 For further detailed guidance refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Transporting scaffolding in construction hoists (Best practice guide).

8.8.2.5 For further detailed guidance refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Work at height on construction hoists (Best practice guide).

8.8.3.1 For further detailed guidance on landing and gating requirements for goods hoists refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Safeguarding requirements for landing gates on goods-only hoists (Best practice guide).

8.8.3.2 For detailed guidance on the planning and installation of construction hoists refer to the Code of Practice for the safe use of construction hoists (BS 7212).

8.8.6 For detailed guidance on the planning and use of construction hoists refer to the Code of Practice for the safe use of construction hoists (BS 7212).

8.8.7 For further detailed guidance refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Maintenance, inspection and thorough examination of construction hoists (Best practice guide).

8.9.1 For further information refer to:
+ Lifting platforms - Mast climbing work platforms (BS EN 1495)
+ Code of Practice for the installation, maintenance, thorough examination and safe use of mast climbing work platforms (MCWPs) (BS 7981)

8.10.3 For further detailed guidance on quick hitches refer to the:
Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's Safe use of quick hitches on excavators (Best practice guide)
+ HSE's online construction safety topics - Industry guidance on quick hitches health and safety information.

8.10.4.6 For further guidance on suspended loads refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group’s Lifting and travelling with suspended loads using telehandlers (Good practice guide).

8.10.5.1 For tyres fitted on multi-piece wheels refer to the BITA publication Multi-piece pneumatic tyred wheels - Inspection, maintenance and repairs (GN67).

8.10.5.1 For further detailed guidance on the safe inflation of tyres refer to the HSE publication Safety during tyre inflation in motor vehicle repair (INDG433).

8.10.6 For further information refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's Safe use of telehandlers in construction (Good practice guide).

8.11.1.3 For further detailed guidance on quick hitches refer to the Strategic Forum for Construction Plant Safety Group's Safe use of quick hitches on excavators (Best practice guide).

8.11.1.5 For further guidance on planning and carrying out lifting operations with excavators refer to the Construction Plant-hire Association's Lifting operations in construction when using excavators (Guidance).

8.12.11 For further guidance on the selection, use, maintenance, inspection and thorough examination of lifting accessories, and planning and carrying out lifting operations with excavators, refer to the Lifting Equipment Engineers Association Code of Practice for the safe use of lifting equipment.  

Appendix A For further guidance on maintenance and inspection refer to BS 7121 Part 2-1.

Appendix B For further guidance on thorough examination refer to
+ BS 7121 Part 2-1
+ HSE document Thorough examination of lifting equipment, a simple guide for employers (INDG422). 

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C09: Frame erection

9.1 For further information on BCSA visit its website.

9.2 For additional information and resources regarding work at height visit the HSE website.

9.4.1 For further information on working near overhead power lines and for additional resources visit the HSE website.

9.4.4 For posters that can be used for guidance on preventing slip and trip hazards visit the HSE website.

9.4.8 For further information and for additional resources refer to the:
+ HSE website
+ Code of Practice for the safe use of cranes (BS 7121).

9.4.9 The HSE leaflet Safety in the storage and handling of steel and other metal stock (HSG246) offers practical advice to everyone involved in the delivery and unloading of steel stock.

C10: Mobile workforce and driver safety

10.2.2 For further information on the risks of working alone refer to the HSE leaflet Working alone: health and safety guidance on the risks of lone working (INDG73).

10.4.1 Refer to the HSE publication Risk assessment - A brief guide to controlling risks in the workplace (INDG163).

10.5.2 For further information on work-related violence and the four stage management process refer to the HSE website.

10.6 Refer to the HSE website for further information about the provision of welfare facilities during construction work.

10.8.1 For further information refer to the Third Pillar of Health website.

Appendix A This health and safety guidance can be downloaded from the Prospect website.

Appendix A To this end, HSE and the Department for Transport have published Driving at work: managing work-related road safety to assist.

Appendix A The AA website has excellent advice with practical driver tips: for instance, in snow, pull away in second gear to enhance vehicle control.

Appendix A The AA Route Planner is similarly helpful.

Appendix A For further information on safe driving and work-related road risk refer to the following topics and associated websites.
+ Travel and transport, including the Highway Code.
+ HSE road safety.
+ Think! Fatigue pages.
+ Driving for Better Business.
+ ROSPA road safety.
+ IAM road safety.
+ Fleet operator recognition scheme (FORS).
+ Construction Logistics and Community Safety (CLOCS).
+ Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (load securing guide for vehicle operators).

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