D: High risk activities

D01: Work at Height Regulations

1.1 The HSE website has many resources, including a dedicated work at height section that includes information on the Work at Height Regulations, including INDG401 (Rev 2) Working at height - A brief guide.

1.2 The Access Industry Forum website contains information and guidance, including a working at height video knowledge base. This includes a series of online videos of experts explaining the requirements for various topics (such as edge protection and fall prevention, scaffolding, MEWPs, safety nets, ladders and mobile access towers). It also contains a series of video toolbox talks.

1.3.1 For further information refer to the HSE guidance document Safe use of ladders and stepladders - A brief guide (INDG455). 

1.5 To assist trainers in this respect British Standards published the Code of Practice for the delivery of training and education for work at height and rescue (BS 8454).

1.7 The HSE has developed a step-by-step guide, developed to help workers at height understand the key factors to consider when selecting the safest and most appropriate types of access equipment.

1.8.1 NASC has a large number of technical (TG) and safety (SG) guidance notes that are accepted by the HSE as scaffolding industry good practice. These are available to purchase online.

1.8.2 The Ladder Association, in consultation with the HSE, has produced risk assessment guides for ladders and stepladders.

1.14.3 The Construction Industry Scaffolders Record Scheme (CISRS) has a card scheme in place for people working in the scaffolding industry, including scaffolders, trainee scaffolders, labourers, supervisors and inspectors.

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D02: Safe working at height

2.1 For further information visit the companion website. [Planning, design, construction and maintenance of tall buildings guidance is due for release in 2018 - release date to be confirmed.]

2.1 For further sources of information and guidance relating to roof work refer to the following websites.
+ Advisory Committee for Roofsafety (ACR).
+ Federation of Roofing Contractors (NFRC).
+ Access Industry Forum (AIF).
+ National Access and Scaffolding Confederation (NASC).
+ Health and Safety Executive (HSE).
+ British Constructional Steelwork Association.

2.3.2 For further information refer to the ACR’s Guidance note for competence and general fitness requirements to work on roofs.

2.3.3.2 For detailed guidance on wind speed advice for different roof work refer to the HSE guidance Health and safety in roof work (HSG33). 

2.3.3.2 For further information refer to the National Federation of Roofing Contractors’ guidance booklet Roofing and cladding in windy conditions.

2.3.3.3 For further information refer to the HSE guidance Fire safety in construction (HSG168).

2.4.6 For further information refer to Solar panel installation (GS001). (373KB, PDF)

2.5 Refer to the HSE publication Health and safety in roof work (HSG33) (paragraphs 170-202) and Fragile roofs (GEIS5) for details of the dangers presented by fragile surfaces.
+ Health and safety in roof work 
+ Fragile roofs

2.6 The HSE maintains a list of accreditation bodies for training organisations that can deliver training of this nature.

2.6 The HSE has produced Asbestos essentials, a task manual for building, maintenance and allied trades on how to safely carry out non-licensed work involving asbestos.

2.7.2 For further information on this course, and the regulations, refer to:
+ The Ladder Association website 
+ Schedule 6 of the Work at Height Regulations.

2.7.6 For further information on scaffolding refer to Chapter D04 and the NASC website.

2.7.7.1 For further information refer to the following:
+ The International Powered Access Federation website.
The Strategic Forum Plant Safety Group Best Practice Guide for MEWPs – Avoiding trapping/crushing injuries to people in the platform.  

2.7.7.1 Avoiding trapping/crushing injuries to people in the platform – Strategic Forum Plant Safety Group, Best practice guidance for MEWPs.

2.7.7.2 For further information refer to the International Powered Access Federation website.

2.7.7.3 For further information refer to the Specialist Access Engineering and Maintenance Association website.

2.7.8 For further information refer to the following:
+ FASET website.
+ The Blue book – Recommended practice for the use of safety nets for roof work, published by the Advisory Committee for Roofsafety.

2.8 For further information refer to Health and safety in roof work (HSG33) and the NFRC guidance for handling roofing sheets and recommended safe wind speeds.
+ Health and safety in roof work 
+ NFRC guidance

2.10.1 The Advisory Committee for Roofsafety is a body dedicated to making working on roofs safer. It was established in 1998 and is made up of nominees from HSE, trade associations and organisations involved in roof work that provide many years' of experience of involvement in working on roofs in the advice given in their documents.

2.10.1 Refer to the Access Industry Forum website for some useful online videos.

2.10.2 For additional information and resources refer to the HSE website.

20.10.2.1 The Advisory Committee for Roofsafety (ACR), which is the lead authority in the UK on roof work health and safety and represents all the relevant trade associations, has published jointly with the HSE definitive guidance on what constitutes fragile material: Red book – Test for non-fragility of profile sheeted roofing assemblies (ACR 001:2014).

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D03: Common access equipment

3.2 The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has developed a step-by-step guide.

3.3 For further information on the performance and effectiveness of ladder stability devices refer to the HSE website.

3.3.2 All ladders should be marked with a unique identification number and the class or duty rating. For more comprehensive guidance refer to the HSE guidance document Safe use of ladders and stepladders (INDG455)

3.4 For further information about low-level access equipment and training refer to the PASMA website.

3.6 For further information on tower scaffolds refer to the HSE website.

3.6.3 For further information about training in mobile towers refer to the PASMA website.

3.6.9 Training courses are available from CITB, as well as from manufacturers and suppliers. Certificates should be provided as proof of training.

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D04: Scaffolding

4.1 The majority of guidelines for good practice in scaffolding can be found in the safety and technical guidance notes of the National Access and Scaffolding Confederation (NASC).

4.1 Please refer to the Construction Industry Scaffolders Record Scheme (CISRS) website for details of the UK recognised training scheme within the scaffolding industry.

4.1 The British and European Standards can be accessed via the British Standards Institution (BSI) website.

4.1.1 Please refer to the NASC website for details of guides and publications.

4.1.3.1 For further details refer to the CITB website.

4.2 NASC has produced a range of online video talkbox talks.

4.3.2 For further information, including a list of scaffold structures where bespoke design is recommended, refer to the HSE scaffold checklist.

4.3.4 SG4 is free to download from the NASC website.

4.3.4 For further information on the management of fall protection equipment refer to the NASC Safety guidance note Management of fall protection equipment (SG16).

4.3.5 For further information on rescue planning refer to the NASC safety guidance note SG19.

4.4.4 TG20 operational guide (Chapter 7 - Ties to building façades) and TG4 Anchorage systems provide comprehensive guidance on the selection, use and testing of ties.+
TG20 operational guide (Chapter 7 – Ties to building façades).
TG4 Anchorage systems.

4.4.12 For further information refer to the NASC guidance Safe systems of work for scaffolding associated with timber-frame building construction (SG28).

4.5 For further information refer to the NASC Safety guidance note Access and egress from scaffolds (SG25) and TG20.

4.6 For further information about scaffold inspection qualifications refer to the CISRS scaffold inspection training scheme (SITS).

4.6.4 For further information refer to Access and egress from scaffolds (SG25).

4.7.2 Guidance on protection of the public (SG34) provides general advice for scaffolds erected in the public domain, including the planning required and the range of precautions that should be considered to eliminate the likelihood of harm (for example, through falling material or transport accidents).

4.7.2 TG20 includes compliant scaffolding features (such as pavement lifts up to 2.7 m and light-duty protection fans).

4.7.2 Reference should also be made to the HSE guidance document Protecting the public - Your next move (HSG151). 

4.7.4 For further information refer to the Erection, use and dismantling of temporary rubbish chutes on scaffolding (TG3).

4.7.5 For further information refer to the
+ HSE guidance Health and safety in roof work (HSG33)  
+ NASC guidance Temporary edge protection on open steelwork (SG27).

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D05: Fall arrest and suspension equipment

5.2 For further information refer to the HSE website.

5.3.2 Information on netting training providers is available from FASET, the netting industry trade body.

5.3.4 For further information refer to FASET’s The testing of safety nets for UV degradation (Bulletin no. 3). (588KB, PDF)

5.3.5 A safety net inspection sheet template is available from FASET upon request. (578KB, PDF)

5.5.6 The Work at Height Safety Association (WAHSA) has produced leaflets and information on use and positioning of fall-arrest equipment for those working at height.

5.5.6 For further information refer to the HSE website.

5.5.8 For full details refer to the HSE publication Inspecting fall arrest equipment made from webbing or rope (INDG367). (340KB, PDF)s.

5.6 The trade association that governs the rope access industry is the Industrial Rope Access Trade Association (IRATA).

5.6 The trade associations for the steeplejack industry are the
Association of Technical Lightning and Access Specialists (ATLAS) 
the Steeplejack and Lightning Protection Training Group.

5.8 For further information refer to the Specialist Access Equipment and Maintenance Association (SAEMA) website.

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D06: Frame erection

6.1 For further information on BCSA refer to their website.

6.2 For additional information and resources regarding work at height refer to the HSE website.

6.4.1 For further information on working near overhead power lines and for additional resources visit the HSE website.

6.4.5 For posters that can be used for guidance on preventing slip and trip hazards refer to the HSE website.

6.4.9 For further information and for additional resources refer to the:
+ HSE website
Code of Practice for the safe use of cranes (BS 7121).

6.4.10 The HSE leaflet Safe unloading of steel stock offers practical advice to everyone involved in the delivery and unloading of steel stock. 

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D07: Excavations

7.2 Information on structural stability of excavations can be found on the construction pages of the HSE website.

7.3.3.1 The Construction Plant-hire Association has produced guidance on management of shoring in excavations, aimed at anyone involved in the planning, management, design and supervision of excavation works.

7.4.3 For further guidance refer to the HSE publications The safe use of vehicles on construction sites (HSG144) and Construction site transport safety: Safe use of site dumpers (CIS52), which can be downloaded free from the HSE website.

7.6 For further guidance refer to the CPA document Guidance on lifting operations in construction when using excavators. (293KB, PDF)

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D08: Underground and overhead services

8.3.1 The HSE guidance document Avoiding danger from underground services (HSG47) can be downloaded from its website

8.3.3 Full information can be obtained from NJUG guidelines on the Positioning and colour coding of underground utilities apparatus.

8.4.4 Information on working adjacent to underground pipelines and the location of underground pipelines around the UK can be found on the Linewatch and Linesearch websites.
+ Linewatch
+ Linesearch

8.6.3 For further information refer to the HSE guidance note Avoiding danger from overhead power lines (GS6).

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D09: Confined spaces

9.4 The complete regulations and the ACoP and guidance notes can be viewed online.
+ Regulations

9.4 ACoP 

9.5 Tunnelling offers more specific challenges and the Pipe Jacking Association and the British Tunnelling Society websites should be consulted for the latest updates on training standards.
+ Pipe Jacking Association
+ British Tunnelling Society

9.6.14.2 The HSE publication Respiratory protective equipment at work – A practical guide (HSG53) sets out the nominal protection factor for each type of respirator and describes their limitations; it should be carefully consulted in cases of doubt.

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D10: Dangerous substances

10.3.1 Further guidance is available on the HSE website.

10.3.1 Further guidance on DSEAR is available on the HSE website.

10.4.2 Further information on the requirements of CDG and ADR can be found on the HSE website.

10.7.3 Cylinder identification, colour coding and labelling requirements (TIS6) can be downloaded for free from the British Compressed Gas Association website.

10.8.7.1 The HSE has published a leaflet Working safely with acetylene (INDG327) and the British Compressed Gases Association (BCGA) has a useful leaflet on carrying gas cylinders in vehicles, as well as a wider range of publications that may be helpful. The Liquid Petroleum Gas Association (LPGA) has also published its Carriage of LPG cylinders by road (CoP27)
+ Working safely with acetylene
+ BCGA leaflets
+ Carriage of LPG cylinders by road

10.8.7.3 For information on fire extinguisher requirements when carrying dangerous goods refer to the HSE guidance. (27KB, PDF)

10.9.2 For further information on legislation and other resources, including guidance and incident reports, refer to the HSE website.

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