Repair and maintenance of heritage structures 


Overview
The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with knowledge of how to repair and reinstate chimneys and flues for heritage buildings.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry

Duration

Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours

Purpose/scope

The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with knowledge of how to repair and reinstate chimneys and flues for heritage buildings.

The scope of this standard covers: 

  • chimneys and flues for: coal, oil, biomass, wood, and gas
  • heritage work practices including: bricklaying, plastering, joinery, carpentry, and thatching
  • repair and reinstatement methods and procedures including: masonry failure of chimneys and flue shafts for live fireplaces
  • how to use sympathetic materials including: hydraulic natural lime
  • how to recognise coded lead sheet work
  • how to mitigate fire risk
  • how to protect buildings from fire and smoke
  • methods of electrical installation
  • planning and integration of chimney work with other trades such as: roofers, electricians, plasterers, carpenters, and thatchers
  • how heritage chimney and flue systems were designed and built
  • how to check compatibility between the flue system and the appliance
  • safety reasons for appliances to be compatible with flue systems
  • how to interpret statutory and regulatory requirements of flues and appliances
  • how to interpret the minimum BS-EN standards 
  • main legislation, codes of practice, building standards, and BS/EN standards, relating to the design and installation of flues, including fire, safety and environment

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups:

  • operative and craft
  • supervision.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard. However, it would be beneficial if candidates had experience in the relative industry.

Instruction/supervision

As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • successfully completed training to this standard 
  • at least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • a verifiable CV.

Delivery

The following methods may be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more practical training.

Assessment

For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard. 

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the Training Standard. 

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk-based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.

Renewal/refresher

There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

November 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to Additional guidance to support learning outcome

Describe heritage work practices including: bricklaying, plastering, joinery, carpentry, and thatching

Photos and/or videos.

Compare with modern techniques and how ventilation methods are different.

Show how modern materials/methods can damage heritage designed houses.

Describe repair and reinstatement methods and procedures including: masonry failure of chimneys and flue shafts for live fireplaces

Photos and/or videos of before-&-after

Describe how to use sympathetic materials including: hydraulic natural lime

Photos and/or videos

Describe how to recognise coded lead sheet work

Lead samples and/or photos/videos.

Describe how to mitigate fire risk

 

Describe how to protect buildings from fire and smoke

 

Describe methods of electrical installation

 

Describe planning and integration of chimney work with other trades such as: roofers, electricians, plasterers, carpenters, and thatchers

Use videos and/or step-by-step photos/illustrations.

Describe how heritage chimney and flue systems were designed and built

Photos and cut-away/sectioned illustrations

Describe how to check compatibility between the flue system and the appliance

Examples of specifications and compatibility requirements.

Activities to mix and match (flue to appliance)

Describe safety reasons for appliances to be compatible with flue systems

Use animations to show how gases flow inside a flue, and in the surrounding air, with different: weather, climate, and temperatures.

Describe how to interpret statutory and regulatory requirements of flues and appliances

PDF or prints of legislation

Describe how to interpret the minimum BS-EN standards

PDF or prints of standards

Building regulations

The construction and installation of chimneys and flues is covered by UK building regulations in conjunction with relevant European and British standards. See relevant legislation and the NBS (originally National Building Specifications)

  • England & Wales: The building regulations approved document J
  • Scotland: Building regulations technical standards
  • Northern Ireland: Technical booklet L section 3 building regulations Northern Ireland

Statutory guidance

Building control

See Planning Portal for details of document Part L Conservation of fuel and power

  • Approved document L1A: Conservation of fuel and power in new dwellings
  • Approved document L1B: Conservation of fuel & power in existing dwellings
  • Approved document L2A: Conservation of fuel & power in new buildings other than dwellings
  • Approved document L2B: Conservation of fuel & power in existing buildings other than dwellings

Legislation

See relevant government legislation

  • Clean Air Act 1956
  • The Clean Air (Height of Chimneys) (Exemption) Regulations 1969
  • Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974
  • Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER)
  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 (COSHH)
  • Party Wall Act 1996
  • Consumer Rights Act 2016
  • Supply of Goods and Services Act 1982

Health & Safety Executive (HSE)

There is a lot of HSE information relating to chimneys and ventilation systems. Some examples are:

Fire safety

Working at height

Standards

You can see many British/European standards and codes of practice at BSI.

Appliances

  • BS 1251: 1987 Specification for open fireplace components.
  • BS 5440-1: 2008 & 2:2009. Flueing and ventilation for gas appliances (70 kW net).
  • BS 6762-2:1991. Code of practice for solid fuel fired heating in park homes and caravans.
  • BS 6880. Parts 1,2&3 1988. Code of practice for low temp hot water heating systems (45kW+).
  • BS 7977-1&2: 2009 Spec’n domestic gas appliances. Radiant. Combi/gas fire/back boiler (Pt2). 
  • BS EN 483: 2000 Gas-fired central heating boilers. Type C, max 70kW. 
  • BS EN 509: 2000 Decorative fuel-effect gas appliances. 
  • BS EN 13384-1 & 2: 2015 Chimney thermal/fluid dynamic calcs for one/more heating appliances
  • BS EN 15287+A1: 2010. Design, install & commission chimneys. Non & roomsealed appliances

Alarms

  • BS EN 50291-1: 2010. Domestic electrical apparatus for detecting carbon monoxide.

Chimneys and flues

  • BS 715: 2005 Specification for metal flue boxes for gas-fired appliances (max 20kW).
  • BS 4207:1989. Code of practice for monolithic linings for steel chimneys and flues.
  • BS 5854:1980. Code of practice for flues and flue structures in buildings.
  • BS 6999:1989. Specification for vitreous-enamelled low carbon steel flue pipes
  • BS 5871: Parts 1,2,3: 2005 & Part 4: 2007. Specification for installation of appliances
  • BS EN 1443: 2003. General requirements for chimneys 
  • BS EN 1856 – 1&2: 2009. Metal chimneys, products (Pt1) and liners/flues (Pt2)
  • BS EN 1857: 2010 Concrete flue liners. 
  • BS EN 1858: 2008 +A1:2011 Chimneys, components, and concrete flue blocks. 
  • BS EN 1993-3-1: 2006. Eurocode 3. Design of steel structures. Towers, masts and chimneys
  • BS EN 12446: 2011. Concrete outer wall elements.
  • BS EN 13084-1,2,4,5,6,7 2007. Free-standing chimneys. General, concrete, brick, and steel. 
  • BS EN 14241-1: 2013. Chimney elastomeric seals and sealants. 
  • BS EN 14471: 2013+A1:2015. Chimney systems with plastic flue liners. 
  • BS EN 16497-1&2: 2015. Concrete chimneys. Non-balanced (Pt1) and balanced (Pt2) flues.

Requirements and testing

  • BS EN 1457-1&2: 2012. Clay/ceramic flue liners, dry (Pt1) and wet (Pt2).
  • BS EN 1806: 2006 Clay/ceramic flue blocks for single wall chimneys.
  • BS EN 1859: 2009 +A1:2013 Metal chimney test methods. 
  • BS EN 13063-1&2:2005 & 3:2007. Clay/ceramic flue liners. Sootfire resistance. 
  • BS EN 13069: 2005. Clay/ceramic outer walls. 
  • BS EN 13216: 2004. Test methods for chimney systems. 
  • BS EN 13502: 2002. Clay/ceramic flue terminals.  
  • BS EN 14297: 2004 Freeze-thaw resistance tests for chimney products
  • BS EN 14989-1&2: 2007. Metal chimneys.
  • BS EN 16475-1,2,3,4,5,6&7. 2016/2017. Chimneys. Accessories. Silencers, Fans. Draught regulators, standstill opening devices, combi-secondary air devices. Access parts. Rain caps.
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