CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry
Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours
Purpose / scope
The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with the knowledge and skills to install wooden shingles for a new roof, including the: membrane, battens, shingles, ridge shingles, hip shingles, valley shingles, verge shingles, fittings, and flashings.
The scope of this standard covers:
- practical training using one type of shingle type/size for the time available
- wood shingle system: shingle types, uses, and materials, fasteners and fixing methods, resistance to wind uplift and rain penetration, shakes, decorative shingles, swept/ball eave, convex roof junction, concave roof junction, apex roof junction, intrusions/soil pipe, valleys, vertical surfaces, preservation treatments, maintenance, ridge shingles, hip shingles, verge shingles, ventilated shingles, valley shingles
- interpret instructions and drawings
- use tools and equipment (hand & power)
- perform basic estimates for materials
- perform basic calculations for batten spacing
- make a gauging stick
- calculate side lap for shingles
- make a marking stick
- storage, handling, and lifting
- plan the work
- work safely
- roof check
- set out
- install: membrane, battens, shingles, ridge shingles, hip shingles, valley shingles, verge shingles, fittings, and flashings
- mark and cut shingles
- allow for a soil pipe penetration
- maintain a clean and tidy workplace
- if the weather deteriorates
- clean up and dispose of waste materials
Training delivered against this standard is relevant to the following occupational group(s):
There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard. However, a basic knowledge of slate and/or tiling roofing terminology and techniques would be beneficial.
Before candidates perform the work on a construction site, candidates must have successfully completed roofing-specific training for working safely at height.
Instruction / supervision
As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:
- A train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
- Successfully completed training to this standard
- At least 2 years relevant industrial experience
- A verifiable CV.
The following method(s) may be used in the delivery of this standard:
All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.
The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.
This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more theoretical learning.
For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.
Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard.
CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the Training Standard.
Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk-based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.
There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.
Either on request or in 3 years from approval date.
|The candidate will be able to ||Additional guidance to support learning outcome
Describe plain tiling system features including:
- shingle types, uses, and materials
- fasteners and fixing methods
- resistance to wind uplift and rain penetration
- decorative shingles
- swept/ball eave
- convex roof junction
- concave roof junction
- apex roof junction
- intrusions/soil pipe
- vertical surfaces
- preservation treatments
- ridge shingles
- hip shingles
- verge shingles
- ventilated shingles
- valley shingles
- installation information
- ridge shingles
- ornamental ridge shingles
- hip shingles
- verge shingles
- inclined valleys
- ventilated shingles
- valley shingles
Describe types, materials, and purpose, and features of
- fittings: undercloak soffit strips, support trays, comb fillers, dentil slips, hip irons
- abutments: top edge, side edge, back and box gutters
- inclined valleys: sheet metal, preformed, laced, swept, mitred, valley shingles
- flashings and junctions: lead, aluminium, copper, zinc, lead alternative -- soakers, step flashings, step & cover flashings
Interpret instructions and drawings
- manufacturer’s instructions
- roofing drawings
- architects drawings
Use tools and equipment (hand & power) for:
- measuring, marking, cutting, and installing
- types, uses, cleaning, setting, hazards, maintenance, and storage
Examples of tools and equipment
Examples of manufacture’s operating and maintenance manuals (O&M)
Perform basic estimates for materials:
- shingles, battens, and membrane
Perform basic calculations for batten spacings including:
- bottom datum, top datum, and gauge
Make and use a gauging stick
Example of a gauging stick
Calculate side lap for shingles
Make and use a marking stick
Example of a marking stick
Describe how to store and handle roofing materials including:
- on open ground
- in a covered building
- on the roof
Describe how to lift materials onto the roof by:
- hand, winch, conveyor, hoist
Videos of methods
Plan the work including:
- access, start point, exit, set out, foot traffic, communication, materials, equipment, other trades
Access methods to/from the roof depend on availability, roof type, a risk assessment, plus working at height PPE, and may include:
- step ladders, platform ladders, leaning ladders, trestles, elevated work platforms, scissor lifts, cherry pickers, boom lifts, travel towers, guard rails, mobile scaffold, and fixed scaffold
Work safely including:
- follow safe work practices/procedures
- identify hazards
- reduce/eliminate risks
- use controls
- use personal protective equipment (PPE)
Videos/photos of good and bad practice.
- risk assessments
- safe work practices/procedures
- spills and clean up
- environmental legislation
- safety legislation
- SDS sheets for COSHH
Roof check including:
- defects, slope angle, spacings, dimensions, squareness and compensation techniques
Video in classroom
Practical demonstration in workshop using a roof rig
Candidate practice with coaching using a roof rig
Set out including:
- safe manual handling methods
- safe places to put materials on the structure
Install the breather membrane including:
- eaves trays, and comb fillers
Install stop battens and counter battens
Install shingles including:
- ridge, valley, hip, verge, main roof area, and abutment
Mark and cut shingles using hand and power tools
Describe headlap and sidelap requirements for installing a soil pipe
Install fittings including:
- undercloaks, eaves trays, comb fillers, and hip irons
Install flashings and /or lead soakers
Maintain a clean and tidy workplace
Describe what to do if the weather deteriorates including:
- hot, cold, windy, and wet
- before, during, and after the work
Clean up and dispose of waste materials
Environmental considerations for waste materials
Additional information about this standard
Training at height
- BS 8454:2006 Code of practice for delivery of training & education for work at height and rescue
Advisory Committee for Roof Safety
Work at Height Safety Association
- View WAHSA technical guidance notes. These are a free resource, provided and maintained by WAHSA and its member companies for reference. They assist specifiers, managers, and end users of fall protection equipment.
Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Working at height guides
See relevant legislation
- Health and Safety at Work etc Act (HSWA) 1974
- The Work at Height Regulations (WHR) 2005
- Work at Height (Amended) 2007
- Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Regulations 2002
- Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) at Work Regulations 1992
- Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) (1998 UK 1999 NI)
- Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH )2002
- Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998
- Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR ) 1995
- Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM) 2015
- Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
- Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 as amended 2002
- Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005
- Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005
- Building and Buildings, England and Wales: The Building Regulations 2010.
- The Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004
- Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland
View all available British Standards at the BSI website.
- BS 6100-6: 2008 Building and civil engineering – Vocabulary – Part 6 Construction parts (roofs)
- BS 5534: 2014+A2: 2018. Slating & tiling for pitched roofs and vertical cladding. Code of practice.
- BS 743:1970. Specification for materials for damp-proof courses.
- BS 8000-6: 2013. Workmanship on building sites. Code of practice for slating & tiling of roofs and claddings. Replaced By BS 8000-0:2014. Workmanship on construction sites. Intro and principles
- BS 8612: 2018. Dry fixed ridge, hip, and verge systems for slating and tiling. Specification.
- BS EN 1024: 2012. Clay roofing tiles for discontinuous laying. Geometric characteristics.
- BS EN 12326-1: 2014. Slate & stone for discontinuous roofing & external cladding. Specs for slate
- BS EN 1304: 2013. Clay roofing tiles and fittings. Product definitions and specifications.
- BS EN 13748-2: 2004. Terrazzo tiles. Terrazzo tiles for external use
- BS EN 490: 2011+A1: 2017. Concrete roof tiles & fittings for roof & wall cladding. Product specs.
- BS EN 492: 2012+A2:2018. Fibre-cement slates and fittings. Product spec and test methods.
- BS 5250: 2011+A1: 2016. Code of practice for control of condensation in buildings.
- BS 8437: 2005 Code of practice for selection, use and maintenance of personal protection systems
National Building Specification (NBS)
- A multi-volume subscription library of clauses covering most elements of building construction.
Building information modelling (BIM)