PREVIEW: Substrates


Overview
This preview is for ATOs only. The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with the knowledge to identify substrates and how to handle substrate faults in façade preservation.

This standard is available to ATOs to preview before it’s finally published. You should make sure your course matches these details. This standard will eventually supersede the existing standard in development. 

Until then, continue to publicise your courses against the existing title on the Construction Training Directory.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry

Duration

Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours

Purpose/scope

The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with the knowledge to identify substrates and how to handle substrate faults in façade preservation.

The scope of this standard covers:

  • personal protective equipment (PPE), respiratory protective equipment (RPE), and safety controls
  • identify masonry types
  • basic chemistry and implications of working with masonry
  • source project requirements
  • decide when works should be delayed or halted
  • identify requirements for repair and restoration
  • inspect work and report progress
  • identify types of failure in situ
  • determine reasons for failure
  • clean to the customer’s specification
  • cleaning options and dwell-times.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups:

  • operative and craft
  • supervision.

Candidate pre-requisites

There are no candidate pre-requisites for this standard.

Before candidates perform facade work at height on a construction site, candidates must have successfully completed specific training for working safely at height.

Instruction/supervision

As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have:

  • A train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate
  • Successfully completed training to this standard 
  • At least 2 years relevant industrial experience
  • A verifiable CV.

Delivery

The following method(s) may be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes, and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more theoretical learning.

Assessment

For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard. 

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the Training Standard. 

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk-based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.

Renewal/refresher

There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date

November 2018

Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 years from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to Additional guidance to support learning outcome

Describe how to select, use, maintain, and store PPE, RPE, and safety controls

Examples of:

  • cleaning specifications
  • construction drawings
  • project requirements

Photos/videos of substrate in good and failed condition

Physical samples of substrate in good and failed condition

Example scenarios to practice determining failure

Example scenarios with photos to practice determining identification of masonry

Describe how to identify masonry types: limestone, sandstone, terracotta, brickwork

Describe basic chemistry and implications of working with: limestone, sandstone, terracotta, brickwork

Describe how to source project requirements

Describe how to decide when works should be delayed or halted

Describe how to identify requirements for repair and restoration

Describe how to inspect work and report progress to line manager

Describe how to identify types of failure in situ: decay, flaking, spalling, pollution, movement, distortion, timbers, exposed rebar/Regent St disease

Describe/show how to determine reasons for failure including: decay, flaking, spalling, pollution, movement, distortion, timbers, exposed rebar/Regent St disease

Describe how to interpret the customer’s cleaning specification

Describe how to identify cleaning options and dwell-times

Additional information about this standard

Heritage

HSE Water jetting guides

Training at height

  • BS 8454:2006 Code of practice for delivery of training & education for work at height and rescue

Advisory Committee for Roof Safety

Work at Height Safety Association

  • View WAHSA technical guidance notes. These are a free resource, provided and maintained by WAHSA and its member companies for reference. They assist specifiers, managers, and end users of fall protection equipment. 

Health and Safety Executive (HSE) Working at height guides

HSE guides

Legislation

See relevant legislation

  • Health and Safety at Work etc Act (HSWA) 1974
  • The Work at Height Regulations (WHR) 2005
  • Work at Height (Amended) 2007
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) Regulations 2002
  • Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) at Work Regulations 1992
  • Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) (1998 UK 1999 NI)
  • Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations (COSHH )2002
  • Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations (LOLER) 1998
  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR ) 1995
  • Construction (Design and Management) Regulations (CDM) 2015
  • Construction (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1996
  • Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 as amended 2002
  • Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005
  • Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005

Building regulations

  • Building and Buildings, England and Wales: The Building Regulations 2010.
  • The Building (Scotland) Regulations 2004
  • Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland.

British standards

View British standards on the BSI website

  • BS 8000: 2013 Workmanship on construction sites.
  • BS 8437: 2005 Code of practice for selection, use and maintenance of personal protection systems
  • BS EN 12810-1:2003. Facade scaffolds made of prefabricated components. Product specifications
  • BS EN 12810-2:2003. Facade scaffolds made of prefabricated components. Structural design
  • BS EN 12811-1:2003. Temporary works equipment. Scaffolds. Performance and general design.
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