If CITB wants to raise a Levy it has to consult with the construction industry. It has to gain the support of industry about the proposals for the next Levy Order.
CITB must show that it has this support every three years. This process is known as Consensus.
Once Consensus is achieved, a Levy Order may be made by the Secretary of State to authorise CITB to collect a Levy from employers so it can invest in the skills and training the industry needs.
The Industrial Training legislation requires CITB to take "reasonable steps" to satisfy the Secretary of State that the Levy Proposals are necessary to encourage adequate training in the industry. The Industrial Training Levy (Reasonable Steps) Regulations 2008 set out what these "reasonable steps" are.
Prior to Consensus, CITB works with members of the industry to formulate the Levy Proposals after which CITB consults upon the Levy Proposals with "Prescribed Organisations" (previously referred to as Consensus Federations) and a sample of employers not represented by Prescribed Organisations ("unrepresented persons").
CITB uses a set of Consensus Rules to calculate Consensus as follows: