D: High risk activities

The following organisations and websites offer high risk activities guidance for health and safety

1.1 The HSE website has many resources, including a dedicated work at height section that includes information on the Work at Height Regulations, including INDG401 (Rev 2)Working at height - A brief guide.

1.2 The Access Industry Forum website contains information and guidance, including a working at height video knowledge base. This includes a series of online videos of experts explaining the requirements for various topics (such as edge protection and fall prevention, scaffolding, MEWPs, safety nets, ladders and mobile access towers). It also contains a series of video toolbox talks.

1.3.1 For further information refer to the HSE guidance document Safe use of ladders and stepladders - A brief guide (INDG455).

1.5 To assist trainers in this respect British Standards published the Code of Practice for the delivery of training and education for work at height and rescue (BS 8454).

1.7 The HSE has developed a step-by-step guide, developed to help workers at height understand the key factors to consider when selecting the safest and most appropriate types of access equipment.

1.8.1 NASC has a large number of technical (TG) and safety (SG) guidance notes that are accepted by the HSE as scaffolding industry good practice. These are available to purchase online.

1.8.2 The Ladder Association, in consultation with the HSE, has produced risk assessment guides for ladders and stepladders.

1.14.3 The Construction Industry Scaffolders Record Scheme (CISRS) has a card scheme in place for people working in the scaffolding industry, including scaffolders, trainee scaffolders, labourers, supervisors and inspectors.

2.1 Following the Grenfell Tower tragedy, an independent review of Building Regulations and fire safety was announced by Government in July 2017.  The final report sets out a new regulatory framework for duty holders involved with planning permission, design, construction and refurbishment, to ensure building safety would operate across the building life cycle. The report contains recommendations and guidance, mapping the new building safety regulatory framework for the construction and occupation of a higher-risk residential building (HRRB).

2.1 For further sources of information and guidance relating to roof work refer to the following websites:

2.3.2 For further information refer to the ACR’s Guidance note for competence and general fitness requirements to work on roofs. For detailed guidance on wind speed advice for different roof work refer to the HSE guidance Health and safety in roof work (HSG33). For further information refer to the National Federation of Roofing Contractors’ guidance booklet Roofing and cladding in windy conditions. For further information refer to the HSE guidance Fire safety in construction(HSG168).

2.4.6 For further information refer to Solar panel installation (GS001) (907KB, PDF)

2.5 Refer to the HSE publication Health and safety in roof work (HSG33) (paragraphs 170-202) and Fragile roofs (GEIS5) for details of the dangers presented by fragile surfaces:

2.6 The HSE maintains a list of accreditation bodies for training organisations that can deliver training of this nature.

2.6 The HSE has produced Asbestos essentials, a task manual for building, maintenance and allied trades on how to safely carry out non-licensed work involving asbestos.

2.7.2 For further information on this course, and the regulations, refer to:

2.7.6 For further information on scaffolding refer to Chapter D04 and the NASC website. For further information refer to the following: Avoiding trapping/crushing injuries to people in the platform – Strategic Forum Plant Safety Group, Best practice guidance for MEWPs. For further information refer to the International Powered Access Federation website. For further information refer to the Specialist Access Engineering and Maintenance Association website.

2.7.8 For further information refer to the following:

2.8 For further information refer to Health and safety in roof work (HSG33) and the NFRC guidance for handling roofing sheets and recommended safe wind speeds.

2.10.1 The Advisory Committee for Roofsafety is a body dedicated to making working on roofs safer. It was established in 1998 and is made up of nominees from HSE, trade associations and organisations involved in roof work that provide many years' of experience of involvement in working on roofs in the advice given in their documents.

2.10.1 Refer to the Access Industry Forum website for some useful online videos.

2.10.2 For additional information and resources refer to the HSE website. The Advisory Committee for Roofsafety (ACR), which is the lead authority in the UK on roof work health and safety and represents all the relevant trade associations, has published jointly with the HSE definitive guidance on what constitutes fragile material: Red book – Test for non-fragility of profile sheeted roofing assemblies (ACR 001:2014).

4.1 The majority of guidelines for good practice in scaffolding can be found in the safety and technical guidance notes of the National Access and Scaffolding Confederation (NASC).

4.1 Please refer to the Construction Industry Scaffolders Record Scheme (CISRS) website for details of the UK recognised training scheme within the scaffolding industry.

4.1 The British and European Standards can be accessed via the British Standards Institution (BSI) website.

4.1.1 Please refer to the NASC website for details of guides and publications. For further details refer to the CITB website.

4.2 NASC has produced a range of online video talkbox talks.

4.3.2 For further information, including a list of scaffold structures where bespoke design is recommended, refer to the HSE scaffold checklist.

4.3.4 SG4 is free to download from the NASC website.

4.3.4 For further information on the management of fall protection equipment refer to the NASC Safety guidance note Management of fall protection equipment (SG16).

4.3.5 For further information on rescue planning refer to the NASC safety guidance note SG19.

4.4.4 TG20 operational guide (Chapter 7 - Ties to building façades) and TG4 Anchorage systems provide comprehensive guidance on the selection, use and testing of ties.+

4.4.12 For further information refer to the NASC guidance Safe systems of work for scaffolding associated with timber-frame building construction (SG28).

4.5 For further information refer to the NASC Safety guidance note Access and egress from scaffolds (SG25) and TG20.

4.6 For further information about scaffold inspection qualifications refer to the CISRS scaffold inspection training scheme (SITS).

4.6.4 For further information refer to Access and egress from scaffolds (SG25).

4.7.2 Guidance on protection of the public (SG34) provides general advice for scaffolds erected in the public domain, including the planning required and the range of precautions that should be considered to eliminate the likelihood of harm (for example, through falling material or transport accidents).

4.7.2 TG20 includes compliant scaffolding features (such as pavement lifts up to 2.7 m and light-duty protection fans).

4.7.2 Reference should also be made to the HSE guidance document Protecting the public - Your next move (HSG151).

4.7.4 For further information refer to the Erection, use and dismantling of temporary rubbish chutes on scaffolding (TG3).

4.7.5 For further information refer to the

9.4 The complete regulations and the ACoP and guidance notes can be viewed online.


9.4 ACoP 

9.5 Tunnelling offers more specific challenges and the Pipe Jacking Association and the British Tunnelling Society websites should be consulted for the latest updates on training standards. The HSE publication Respiratory protective equipment at work – A practical guide (HSG53) sets out the nominal protection factor for each type of respirator and describes their limitations; it should be carefully consulted in cases of doubt.