Heavy timber framework

This standard focuses on the selection, orientation, identification, conservation or restoration of heavy timber framework.

CITB has developed this standard in discussion with industry. 


Minimum 1 day of 6 learning hours per day

Purpose / Scope

This training module, ‘Heavy timber framework’ is intended to focus on the trainee being able to select, orientate, identify conserve or restore heavy timber framework.

The scope of this standard covers:

  • history
  • selection of timber and shrinkage
  • tools of the trade, sharpening, care and maintenance
  • timber orientation, setting out and plumb scribing
  • types of joint and methods of cutting
  • component identification
  • conserving or restoring on site, oak or similar frameworks.

Occupational relevance

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational groups:

  • operative and craft
  • supervision
  • management and leadership.

Candidate pre-requisites

Candidates must have successfully completed NVQ level 2 in Wood occupations (or equivalent).

Instruction / Supervision

As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that in relation to this standard they have:

  • A train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate 
  • Successfully completed training to this standard 
  • At least 5 years relevant industrial experience
  • A verifiable CV.


Delivery may be in an on or off the job environment.

All materials and equipment should be of suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes and must comply with relevant legislation.

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.

The following delivery methods may/may not be used in the delivery of this standard:

  • classroom
  • workshop

This standard is considered to contain 51 per cent or more practical learning.

This standard is considered to be set at an advanced level.


For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.

Quality assurance

Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard. 

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard. 

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team.

Renewal / refresher

There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard.

Approval date


Review cycle

Either on request or in 3 year(s) from approval date.

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to:

  • Explain the history heavy timber framework.
  • Explain the selection of timber and shrinkage.
  • Demonstrate sharpening, care and maintenance for tools of the trade.
  • Demonstrate timber orientation, setting out and plumb scribing.
  • Describe and produce types of joint and methods of cutting.
  • Carry out component identification.
  • Demonstrate conserving or restoring on site, oak or similar frameworks.

Additional information

Recommended reading:

Rupert Newman (2005) Oak-Framed Buildings, Guild of Master Craftsman

The Best of Fine Homebuilding (1996) Framing Roofs, Taunton Press

Graham Hughes (1985) Barns of Rural Britain, Herbert Press

Tedd Benson (2001) The Art and Craft of the Post and Beam Home, Taunton Press

FWB Charles and Mary Charles (1995) Conservation of Timber Buildings, Routledge