Forming service penetrations

The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with practical knowledge and skills required to form service penetrations.


Forming service penetrations 


Minimum 1 days of 6 learning hours 


The purpose of this standard is to provide the candidate with practical knowledge and skills required to form service penetrations. 


  • instructions, drawings and technical literature 
  • materials and resources 
  • health and safety risks and preventions 
  • personal protective equipment (PPE) 
  • team work 
  • interpret designs 
  • forming of an aperture 
  • framing an aperture 
  • line an aperture 
  • fire taping 
  • cutting of a retrofit aperture 
  • clear, tidy and safe working environment. 

Occupational relevance 

Training delivered against this standard would be relevant to the following occupational group(s): 

  • operative and craft 
  • supervision. 


There are no candidate pre-requisites as part of this standard. However a basic knowledge of interior systems terminology, techniques would be beneficial. 

Instruction/ supervision 

As a minimum, course instructors must be able to demonstrate that, in relation to this standard, they have: 

  • a train the trainer or instructional techniques course certificate 
  • NVQ level 2, or equivalent, in the relevant discipline   
  • successfully completed training to this standard  
  • at least 3 years relevant industrial experience 
  • a verifiable CV. 


Delivery may be in an on or off the job environment. 

All materials and equipment must be of a suitable quality and quantity for candidates to achieve learning outcomes and must comply with relevant legislation. 

The class size and candidate/instructor ratio must allow training to be delivered in a safe manner and enable candidates to achieve the learning outcomes.  

The following delivery methods may/may not be used in the delivery of this standard: 

  • practical training in an on or off the job environment 
  • classroom.

This standard is considered to contain 51% or more practical training. 

This standard is considered to be set at an intermediate level. 


For the successful completion of training, candidates must complete an end of course practical assessment or knowledge test that measures the learning outcomes and has a pass or fail criteria.   

Quality assurance 


Quality assurance against this standard will require initial approval of the training organisation and their content mapped to the standard.  

CITB will also conduct an approval intervention, either desk-based or centre visit, to ensure the training organisation can meet the requirements of the training standard.  

Approved training organisations (ATOs) will be required to present information on records of training and assessment upon request to CITB for desk based analysis. They will also be visited annually by the CITB quality assurance team. 


No Renewal/Refreshment Requirements - There are no mandatory renewal or recommended refreshment requirements for this standard. 

Approval date 


Review cycle 

Either on request or in 3 years from approval date. 

Learning outcomes

The candidate will be able to: 

Additional guidance to support learning outcome  

Briefly explain instructions, drawings and technical literature. 


Select and use materials to be system compliant. 


Briefly explain the health and safety risks associated with forming service penetrations. 


Demonstrate the correct use of tools, materials and PPE. 


Work as part of a team under instruction. 


Interpret the manufacturer’s design detail. 


Demonstrate the forming of an aperture as per manufacture’s design detail. 


Frame the aperture as per manufacture’s design detail. 


Line the aperture with appropriate plasterboard as per manufacture’s design detail. 


Apply fire taping to the extremities of the aperture. 


Explain the process for cutting of a retrofit aperture as per manufacture’s design detail. 


Demonstrate the cutting of a retrofit aperture as per manufacture’s design detail. 


Frame the aperture as per manufacture’s design detail. 


Explain how to interpret design specified. 


Protect the work and maintain a clear, tidy and safe working environment. 


Additional information about this standard

Health and Safety Executive (HSE) guidance: 

Managing construction health risks 

Safety topics 


Health and Safety Executive (HSE) publication: 

Health and safety in construction, HSG150, 2006.