Apprenticeship standards and frameworks

Apprenticeship standards and frameworks provide details of the skills, knowledge and behaviours apprentices need to acquire in order to qualify in their chosen field. Awarding organisations need to agree these standards and CITB, as the Sector Skills Council for construction, plays a role in co-ordinating this work.

The way these standards are organised and monitored varies across the UK. Details for each country can be found below.

Moving from frameworks to standards

The move in England from framework apprenticeships to the new standards-based apprenticeships affects how apprenticeships are assessed. The new apprenticeship standard focuses on assessing the apprentice at the end of their apprenticeship journey when they are expected to be most accomplished and able to demonstrate competence in performing the occupational role. This move towards the end-point assessment for final certification of competence moves the focus away from the framework approach of on-going assessment throughout the apprenticeship.

Apprenticeship standards in construction follow a pattern of vocational training meeting Gateway requirements (including English and Maths). This is then followed by practical and knowledge tests to complete the apprenticeship.

How CITB can help the development process

For information on apprenticeship standards (also called 'Trailblazers') please visit the Institute for Apprenticeships (IFA) website, where you can find out how to develop standards, assessment plans and apprenticeships as well as see all the approved standards.

CITB is able to support employer development groups in:

  • Transitioning of existing apprenticeships to meet the new apprenticeship standards criteria.
  • Developing new apprenticeships.

For further information on devleoping apprenticeship standards and how CITB can support this process please contact us by emailing the standards team.

Last day for registrations onto apprenticeship frameworks 2018-2019

Please note these dates and changes for your apprenticeship programmes. This information relates to  Intermediate (level 2) and Advanced (level 3) frameworks.

Digital engineering technician
Level 3 Not part of framework
Level 2 31 July 2019
Level 2 31 July 2019
General construction operative
Level 2 31 July 2019
Highways maintenance Level 2 30 April 2019
Lifting technician  
Level 2 Registrations closed for mobile, tower and crawler crane
Painting and decorating Level 2 31 July 2019
Piling Level 2 Not part of framework
Plastering Level 2 31 July 2019
Scaffolding Level 2 30 April 2019
Steelfixing major projects
Level 2 Registrations closed removed from framework
Trowel occupations: bricklayer    
Level 2 31 July 2019
Level 2   
31 July 2019
Wall and floor tiling
Level 2   
Wood Occupations: site carpenter, bench joiner
Level 2 and 3
31 December 2018

Training specifications to support apprenticeship frameworks

These documents provide the detail of the skills and knowledge that an apprentice must gain and demonstrate before their End-Point Assessment.

CITB developed the frameworks below with employers and stakeholders in 2018:

Reports and further information

The Sector plan report shows all apprenticeship standard (trailblazer) activity for construction and the built environment. It includes:

Modern aprenticeships in Scotland

In Scotland, approved frameworks are based on the modern (level 2 and 3), technical (level 4) and professional (level 5) apprenticeships. These have been developed to help meet the skill priorities of the construction industry in Scotland by: 

  • continuing to provide qualifications required by employers to help their business grow
  • providing a flexible entry route to attract applicants from under-represented groups
  • including literacy, numeracy, problem solving and employability skills to develop the confidence of apprentices to take them throughout their working life which are incorporated within the framework
  • following Skills Development Scotland's guidance for Sector Skills Councils.

See a complete list of frameworks for modern apprenticeships at all levels on the Skills Development Scotland website.

Apprenticeship frameworks in Wales

There are frameworks for - foundation (level 2), apprenticeship (Level 3) and Higher (Level 4 and above) in:

  • Construction Building
  • Construction Civil Engineering
  • Construction Specialist
  • Construction Technical and Professional.

The apprenticeship at Foundation (Level 2), Apprenticeship (Level 3) and Higher (Level 4 and above) has been developed to help meet the skills priorities of the industry and for Wales.

Find information on apprenticeship frameworks that meet the national standards for Wales at Apprenticeship framework online

Apprenticeship frameworks in Northern Ireland

CITB Northern Ireland works with the Department for the Economy Northern Ireland to develop frameworks for apprenticeships in construction at Level 2, Level 3 and above.

See frameworks as published on the NI Direct Government website